Folmer and Group Mesure
The name “Group Mesure” chosen by Folmer enveloped the principles of Geometric Art declined according to the personality of each artistic “clarity, order, harmony, accuracy, purity, balance” (2) taking the same approach of universalism.
A critique of Duverneuil-Veillon, published in 1959 in the newspaper Combat, reflects the exhibition of Réalités Nouvelles as follows: “a first and important manifestation of a group of painters and sculptors and constructivists” with the participation of Georges Folmer, Günter Frutrunk Leo Breuer, Jean Gorin, François Morellet, Marcelle Cahn, Richard Mortensen, Aurélie Nemours, Pierre-Martin Gueret, Roger Thépot, Maxime Descombin, Robert Jacobsen, Marino Di Teana, Norbert Kricke and Carlos Cairoli. It will be noted that many of these members have already been very active in the “Groupe Espace”. Folmer signed “The Manifest” in 1951 and founded the group “Mesure” (1).
It was to create a plastic or construction in formal architectural space, respecting the freedom of three components: painting, sculpture, architecture as being the application of the synthesis of the Arts.
After the Museum of Fine Arts in Rennes in 1961, they will take place almost exclusively in Germany: Kaiserslautern May 1962 – Ludwigshafen, September 1962 – Leverkusen, January 1963 – Frankfurt, January 1964 – Hamburg, October 1964 – Bremen, November 1964 – Bielefeld January 1965 – Witten, in September 1965. Over the years the Group has become the European Group gathering Belgians: Peire, Swimberghe; Germans: Breuer, Frutrunk, Kiesel; Italians: Di Teana, Tarabella: Hungarians Cieslarczyk A., Szekely and architects such as Gueret, Uniacke, Pillet .
If recognition is welcomed in Germany, where the artists of the “Group Mesure” “show a willingness and know-how beautiful, technical mastery and creative vitality” the course in France is a disappointment. Only a collaboration with the AFCC (French Association of colorists advice) together with Folmer, who was elected there in 1963, marks a significant presence.
The struggle for recognition affirmed Art Geometric Abstraction built or is very difficult and members must agree, as in the earlier movements: De Stijl and Space Group, “limited recognition“. Also the movement is overwhelmed by the rise of Art and Minimal Art Informal …. “Mesure” died in 1966.
Today, we understand that the approach of the “Group Mesure“, as that of the previous movements, contributed to the full recognition of geometric abstraction in modern art of the twentieth century.
1 Master of Art History “and the Group FOLMER MEASUREMENT” by Carine Florentin, Doctor of Art History, Paris IV Sorbonne, author of the catalog of Folmer Vol. I-III, Vol. IV in preparation.
2 “The Constructivist aesthetic from 1951 to 1970” by Domitilla d’Orgeval, Doctor of Art History – Paris IV Sorbonne. Catalogue Drouart Gallery, Paris.